Vaginal Yeast Infections – What You Should Know

Category: Gynecology

Portrait of happy medical doctor woman with clipboardAccording to the Mayo Clinic, three out of four women will experience a yeast infection at one point in their lives.

Even though they’re common, vaginal yeast infections are one of the most misunderstood health problems in women. To avoid the misconceptions associated with vaginal yeast infections, here’s everything you should know.

What is a Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Vaginal yeast infections, also known as candidiasis, are an infection of the vagina that is caused by the overgrowth of the fungus, Candida albicans. Yeast infections caused by Candida albicans are typically easy to treat, so if you have recurring yeast infections or yeast infections that are difficult to get rid of, it’s most likely caused by a different type of Candida.

What Causes Yeast Infections?

Yeast infections can be caused by a variety of things, including:

  • Antibiotics – (Antibiotics lower the amount of amount of lactobacillus, or good bacteria, in the vagina)
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Weak immune system
  • Poor nutrition
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Stress

Yeast Infection Symptoms

Most women experience the following symptoms when they have a yeast infection:

  • Itching around and inside the vagina
  • Burning
  • Whitish-gray vaginal discharge. It’s usually thick
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Vaginal rash
  • Pain during urination

Diagnosing and Treating a Vaginal Yeast Infection

Vaginal yeast infections are easy for physicians to diagnose. Typically, a doctor will ask you questions about your medical history and questions about your history with yeast infections. The physician will then examine your cervix and vaginal walls. Depending on what the doctor finds, they will take a vaginal culture to send to a lab to confirm that you have a yeast infection. Treatment for yeast infections depend on the severity of the infection. The most common treatments include a regimen of antifungal cream, ointment, tablet, or suppository. If your infection is more severe, your doctor might prescribe oral medication.

Call our office if you believe you have a yeast infection.

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